Simulado Polícia Civil do Distrito Federal - PCDF | Escrivão de Polícia | 2020 | Questão 116

Língua Inglesa / Itens gramaticais relevantes para o entendimento dos sentidos dos textos

Text CB1A5BBB Western intelligence agencies used to inhabit a
parallel world where spy battled spy. Their trade was stealing
or guarding secrets. Their masters were the men and women in
government. Today the intelligence services are part of
everyone’s world. Their main task has been to protect society
from terrorists and criminals. They are increasingly held to
account in the press, parliaments and courts.
The intelligence revolution is partly the result of new
technology. As recently as 1999, on becoming director of the
American National Security Agency (NSA), Michael Hayden
asked to send an e-mail to all staff. He was told: “We can’t
actually do that.” The organization used computers to break
codes rather than to surf the web as everyone else did.
The NSA’s new facility in Utah, the first of several, now stores
exabytes of data drawn from everyday communications.
At Britain’s GCHQ, most code-breaking was done on paper
until well into the 1980s.
The revolution has brought spying closer to ordinary
people. After the attacks on America on September 11th 2001,
counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency became the focus for
the American intelligence agencies. Almost two-thirds of
today’s intelligence personnel have been hired since 9/11.
As the world has moved online, so the spooks have become
involved in monitoring organized crime and paedophiles as
well as terrorists.
In a not very remote past, spies sent coded messages
using short-wave radios and dead letter boxes. Now the
communications of the spooks’ new targets are mixed in with
everyone else’s, shuttling between computers and smartphones
that are identical to those on your desk and in your pocket.
Counter-terrorism, in particular, is pre-emptive. Hence the
security services have had to act as hunters of conspiracies
rather than gatherers of evidence. Western intelligence — Shaken and stirred.
In: The Economist, 12/11/2016 (adapted).

Based on text CB1A5BBB, judge the following items.

The idea expressed in “Counter-terrorism (…) is pre-emptive”
(R.31) can be also found in the following proverb: It is better to
prevent than to cure.

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